Here’s a look at what happened on this day, 23 December, throughout history. We remember the news, events, and people that influenced the course of history forever.
ON THIS DAY: 23 DECEMBER
1961 | After the independence of Congo from Belgium in June, Katanga was led by Moïse Kapend Tshombe into secession from Congo.
1970 | Congo becomes a one-party state officially.
1980 | On the day that the black journalists eight-week strike ends, the South African government banned four black-owned newspapers, the Post Transvaal, Saturday Post, Sunday Post and the Sowetan
1985 | Five people die and 40 are injured when a bomb exploded in the Sanlam shopping centre in Amanzimtoti, Natal South Coast.
1906 | Last emperor of the Gaza Empire, Mdungazwe Ngungunyane Nxumalo (56)
2001 | Governor of Oyo State in Nigeria, Bola Ige (71)
2002 | South African poet, Tatamkhulu Afrika (82)
1949 | South African artist, At Botha
1961 | Egyptian journalist, Ezzat el Kamhawi
1961 | Kenyan-English biologist, Ketan J. Patel
1979 | Kenyan runner, Abraham Chebii
1997 | Ronaldo at 21-years-old wins his first Ballon d’Or award.
1938 | The costume of Margaret Hamilton who played the Wicked Witch of the West catches fire while filming ‘The Wizard of Oz’.
Before colonial rule, Africa comprised of 10 000 different states and self-governing groups with distinct languages and customs.