On This Day: What happened on 14 November?

Here’s a look at what happened on this day, 14 November, throughout history. We remember the news, events, and people that influenced the course of history forever.

ON THIS DAY: 14 NOVEMBER

1961 | Moise Tshombe, the President of Katanga and Joseph Kasavubu, the President of Congo, is accused by the UN of plotting to kill Patrice Lumumba the ex-prime minister of Congo. Lumumba was assassinated on 13 February 1961.

1977 | An investigation is opened in Pretoria, into the death of Steve Biko. It was later discovered that he was assaulted by police officers, and this caused his death. 

1984 | The apartheid government arrested the trade unions’ leading members who were affiliated to the United Democratic Front (UDF) to avoid the protests in the country. A State of Emergency was subsequently declared as the protests spread across the country.

1994 | Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) guerillas threaten to start an armed struggle unless their demands are met. They were dismissed from the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) for conducting an illegal strike.

1998 | Delegates from the Unity Movement (AUM) summit voted to change the AUM into a political party to contest the general election in 1999. The party had support from leading Afrikaner political figures, but it was attacked for causing disagreements between people by Freedom Front (FF) leader Constand Viljoen.

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2006 | South Africa became the first African country to allow same-sex marriages after the parliament approved the controversial Civil Unions Bill.

2017 | Zimbabwe Defense Forces (ZDF) seized key areas in Harare after Robert Mugabe dismissed Emmerson Mnangagwa the vice-president. Mugabe later on resigned, and Mnangagwa became the President.

DEATHS

1957 | South African artist, Jacobus Hendrik Pierneef, dies at the age of 71.

1965 | South African cricketer, George Bissett, dies at the age 60.

1989 | Solomon Ngobeni is the last person to be hanged by the South African government after he was found guilty of murdering Mackson Kubayi during a robbery.

2012 | Nigerian physician and politician, Abubakar Olusola Saraki, dies at the age of 79.

2013 | South African footballer, Bennett Masinga, dies at the age of 48.

BIRTHDAYS

1922 | Former UN Secretary General, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, is born in Egypt.

1942 | Zimbabwe cricket spin bowler, Jackie Du Preez, is born in Harare, Zimbabwe.

1945 | The First Lady of Nigeria, Stella Obasanjo.

1948 | Prince of Wales, Prince Charles, born in London.

1971 | Australian cricket wicket-keeper and broadcaster (FoxSports), Adam Gilchrist, born in Bellingen, Australia.

1954 | First female African-American US Secretary of State from 2005 to 2009 Condoleezza Rice, was born in Birmingham, Alabama.

SPORT

1936 | Sir Donald Bradman, a cricket legend, scored 192 for South Australia vs Victoria before a crowd of 21000 at Melbourne Cricket Ground crowd.

1966 | Muhammad Ali won against Cleveland Williams in 3 round match for the heavyweight title. 

1981 | First world championship for WBC Super Welterweight champion, Wilfred Benitez won against Carlos Santos.

1993 | In NFL history, Don Shula was recorded as the coach with the most wins.

ENTERTAINMENT

1997 | Lion King a Disney recorded sales per day of $2,700,000 after the broadway premier.

2006 | 21st James Bond movie, Casino Royale, was released in London.

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1991 | Black or White music video by Michael Jackson was first played on Fox TV.

2016 | Moana, Disney’s animated movie, premiers at the El Capitan Theatre.

AFRICA FACT

Witwatersrand in South Africa has produced almost half of the gold that has ever been mined in the world.

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